Prejudice: who me?*

Prejudice (or foredeeming) is making a judgment or assumption about someone or something before having enough knowledge to be able to do so with guaranteed accuracy, or "judging a book by its cover". The word prejudice is most often used to refer to preconceived judgments toward people or a person because of race, social class, ethnicity, age, disability, obesity, religion, sexual orientation, or other personal characteristics. It also means beliefs without knowledge of the facts and may include any unreasonable attitude that is unusually resistant to rational influence. Source: Wikipedia

Racism
By the term “racism” we mean a grid of perceptions, attitudes, behavior that forces some people to subordinate welfare and that only because they belong to a distinct category of people. The diversity of the group, which is often accused – but not always, a supposed inferiority or dangerousness, are used as an excuse for discrimination. The spectrum of subordinate welfare is wide. The core is always the exclusion or the unequal participation in the public and social goods (Tsiakalos, 2001).

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Stereotype
Stereotype is a simplified or/and standardized conception or an impression, that people often have for an other social group. Stereotypes can be positive or negative and they are typical generalizations based on minimal or limited knowledge about a group of people. Such oversimplified concepts, opinions, or impressions, are based on the assumption that there are common properties and common characteristics between the members of the other group. Stereotypes not only operate against human rights but they are also harmful for them, over the encouragement of prejudice and discrimination. Incomplete information, confusing concepts, isolation and segregation have perpetuated many of these stereotypes. The examination of a person according to the stereotypes, restricts what we expect and how we respond to them.

 Some stereotypes, to a person that faces discrimination usually make him/her show like: 

  • pathetic and passive
  • horrible or evil
  • tragic but brave
  • comic or ridiculous
  • aggressive
  • burden or marginal
  • non-sexual or hyper-sexual
  • incapable in everyday life

 

Discrimination
Social discrimination is the action that deprives privileges, prestige, power, legal rights, equal legal protection and other social goods from the members of one or more social groups, that others enjoy them.

 

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* This phrase comes from the homonymous book by Dr. Amalia Johnson-Ioannidou.

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